No Drone ZoneDrones are prohibited in the airspace above the reserve for several reasons, including the visual threat to wildlife and intruding on visitors' experience. For detailed information on the Posted Order and State authority over airspace, click here.
Be prepared for wicked strong winds! Spring is normally very windy. Mornings can be calm, but check the weather report first for general conditions. Poppies also curl up if it's too cold out for pollinators. You can also check our weather station for real-time wind speeds, rainfall, and temperature updated every hour. The desert temperatures can vary widely and change suddenly, so wear layers for unpredicted changes in weather. Also, remember to bring twice as much water as you think you'll need, and drink a lot of it! The reserve is a cleverly-disguised desert and you don't feel how rapidly you lose water into the dry air. As the weather gets warmer, dehydration can suck the energy out of you quickly. Enter only through entrance gate. Entry through any other area along the boundary is prohibited; citations are given for fence jumping. Parking is allowed on Lancaster Road beginning 100 feet from the entrance (see signs), and visitors may walk in through the entrance gate only, staying on the roadway to the entrance kiosk. Carpooling is recommended to maximize parking availability. Drive with caution on Lancaster Road!Where flowers are blooming near the road, watch for car doors swinging open, erratic driving as people take pictures out the windows, and children and dogs dashing out into the road. Drivers may slow down suddenly to find a place to pull over, or stop in the middle of the road to take pictures, or are just not looking where they are going. Please be patient and watch for the unexpected!Rattlesnakes are in the fields! Mojave green rattlesnakes are active in the daytime when it's warm, and in the evenings on hot days. They are not aggressive and will not attack unless startled or threatened; they rattle their tail to alert you of their presence and avoid a confrontation. If you encounter one on a trail, give it space and it will most likely move out of your way. Alert staff if it is curled up adjacent to the trail. Rattlesnakes are an important part of the food web and are also protected; without them, rodents would overpopulate and consume the flowers that you came to see.
Safety outside the reserve: Rattlers are common in wildflower fields throughout the valley, and people running into fields for a picture among the poppies encounter rattlesnakes every year. Walk slowly in fields to give rattlers a chance to alert you, and watch where you step. Rattlesnake avoidance training for dogs is highly recommended. Be aware that all lands adjacent to the Poppy Reserve are private property.
The Antelope Valley is located in the western Mojave Desert at an elevation ranging from 2600--3000 feet, making it a high desert environment. This State Natural Reserve is located on California's most consistent poppy-bearing land. Other wildflowers: owl's clover, lupine, goldfield, cream cups, and coreopsis, to name a few, share the desert grassland to produce a mosaic of color and fragrance each spring. As unpredictable as nature - the intensity and duration of the wildflower bloom varies yearly. California State Parks does not water or use any other means to stimulate the flowers; the land is preserved to only be influenced by the natural forces that had once influenced all of our surroundings. The broad views of this landscape provide eyefuls of brilliant wildflower colors and fragrance. Whether you most enjoy expansive fields or the close-up study of a single flower, this is the place to visit.
A manually-operated wheelchair is available for check-out at the visitor center during the wildflower season. An ADA-compliant pathway leads from the disabled parking area to the visitor center, and extends a short way into the reserve. The picnic area has wheelchair-accessible tables and can be reached by a paved pathway. ADA-compliant restrooms are available in the parking area all day, and at the visitor center during their open hours.
Correctly using reserve() can prevent unnecessary reallocations, but inappropriate uses of reserve() (for instance, calling it before every push_back() call) may actually increase the number of reallocations (by causing the capacity to grow linearly rather than exponentially) and result in increased computational complexity and decreased performance. For example, a function that receives an arbitrary vector by reference and appends elements to it should usually not call reserve() on the vector, since it does not know of the vector's usage characteristics.
We're here to help you dream up your next trip, figure out the details, and reserve experiences at over 3,600 facilities and 103,000 individual sites across the country. There's something for everyone on Recreation.gov, so get out there, experience the USA, and bring home a story!
The Kachemak Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (KBNERR) is part of a national network of 29 reserves that are supported through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and a state partner. In the national network of National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS), Kachemak Bay represents a high latitude, fjord estuary type. KBNERRs state partner is the Alaska Center for Conservation Science (ACCS) at the University of Alaska, Anchorage (UAA). We also work closely with the KBNERR Community Council, a committed group of local residents and agency partners who meet quarterly to connect with KBNERR programs.
YesDogs are allowed in the visitor center area on a 6-foot or shorter leash. Dogs are not allowed on the reserve during the Auto Safari tours, even if only staying in the vehicle.
The South Slough Reserve encompasses a mixture of open water channels, tidal and freshwater wetlands, riparian areas and forested uplands. The reserve supports and coordinates research, education and stewardship programs that serve to enhance a scientific and public understanding of estuaries and contribute to improved estuarine management. Since 1974, South Slough Reserve has grown in the depth and scope of its programs and has developed facilities to meet the needs of visitors and staff.
The Big Cedar Trail (0.25 mi.) is wheelchair accessible (with assistance). The key for the gate to this trail can be requested at the front desk of the Visitor Center during open hours. After use, the gate key needs to be returned to the front desk by 3:45 pm (same day). The gate access key is reserved for persons with mobility disabilities only, learn more.
Approximately 4 miles of new Bay Trail spur segments were opened in 2016. From the main staging area at the end of Eden Landing Road, the year-round spur trail crosses over Mount Eden Creek and continuing along managed ponds, the slough and marsh until terminating at a shoreline viewing area approximately 2 miles into the reserve. Along the trail, interpretive exhibits describe wetland restoration and management, wildlife species known to use the area, and provide cultural resource interpretation. A boardwalk is open within the historic salt production area known as the Oliver Salt Works.
The area was formerly owned and managed by Cargill Salt Co. as solar salt production facilities. In 1996, 835 acres were acquired from Cargill and an additional 5,500 acres in 2003. In 1998, the area was designated as an ecological reserve by the Fish and Game Commission.
In the 1980's, the reserve property was proposed for development by the Shorelands Corporation. The development proposal, involving construction of horse racing facilities and a business/commercial center, was abandoned in 1990 due, in part, to environmental concerns relating to impacts to wetlands, seasonal ponding habitat for migratory water birds, the endangered salt marsh harvest mouse and California clapper rail, and the western snowy plover. In 1984 portions of the site, including Mt. Eden Creek and the adjacent salt ponds, were identified and designated by the United States Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) as critical habitat for the recovery of the endangered California clapper rail and salt marsh harvest mouse.
A reserve currency (or anchor currency) is a foreign currency that is held in significant quantities by central banks or other monetary authorities as part of their foreign exchange reserves. The reserve currency can be used in international transactions, international investments and all aspects of the global economy. It is often considered a hard currency or safe-haven currency.
The United Kingdom's pound sterling was the primary reserve currency of much of the world in the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. However, by the middle of the 20th century, the United States dollar had become the world's dominant reserve currency. The world's need for dollars has allowed the United States government to borrow at lower costs, giving the United States an advantage in excess of US$100 billion per year.
The Venetian ducat and the Florentine florin became the gold-based currency of choice between Europe and the Arab world from the 13th to 16th centuries, since gold was easier than silver to mint in standard sizes and transport over long distances. It was the Spanish silver dollar, however, which created the first true global reserve currency recognized in Europe, Asia and the Americas from the 16th to 19th centuries due to abundant silver supplies from Spanish America.
While the Dutch guilder was a reserve currency of somewhat lesser scope, used between Europe and the territories of the Dutch colonial empire from the 17th to 18th centuries, it was also a silver standard currency fed with the output of Spanish-American mines flowing through the Spanish Netherlands. The Dutch, through the Amsterdam Wisselbank (the Bank of Amsterdam), were also the first to establish a reserve currency whose monetary unit was stabilized using practices familiar to modern central banking (as opposed to the Spanish dollar stabilized through American mine output and Spanish fiat) and which can be considered as the precursor to modern-day monetary policy. 041b061a72